Convert Your Old Car to All-Electric

Have you ever thought about converting your car from gasoline power to electric? Plano, Texas, high school student Adam Lansing did more than think about it; he accomplished it. But the process wasn’t without its frustrations. In fact “frustration” might be one of the key words to describe the entire six-year adventure.Texas high school student builds battery-powered Celica

Adam’s prized possession started out as a few thousand pounds of little more than trash with a tree branch growing through the rear bumper. When Lansing was just 12 years old, a friend’s dad overheard him talking about wanting to convert a gas-powered car into a fully electric vehicle. So the helpful adult gave Lansing an engineless 1980 Toyota Celica he had lying around outside his garage. Lansing took it because, if you’re gonna build your own electric car, you might as well do it with a little style, right? Lansing got the idea to convert a gas car to electric, after watching his older brother constantly ask their parents for gas money.

“I thought that was a real drag,” Lansing said. So the idea of a car you plug in and recharge seemed logical to him. But the true inspiration came from watching YouTube clips of a man named John Wayland, who converted a 1972 Datsun 1200 into a high-powered electric dragster he called “White Zombie.”

“I saw the way that it shot off the line on the drag strip, so I did more research,” Lansing said. “John talked about how it was all-electric and there was barely anything under the hood. When he started talking about the simplicity of the car and that everyone can do it, I connected that to old electric scooters I used to work on, and a light bulb went off. I thought ‘I can do this.’”

Lansing, who is now 18 and contemplating his collegiate future after graduating from Plano East High School in Texas, got the major parts for his Celica when he was 14. When he was 16, he got it running for the first time, driving it to school his last day of sophomore year. After school, he went to a bowling alley with friends. When the Celica died on the way home, a euphoric victory turned into two more years of rebuilding.

Lansing didn’t realize it at the time, but his constant fixing and rebuilding mimicked Toyota’s dedication to kaizen or continuous improvement. He’d find a problem and fix it. Then he’d repeat the process again and again. He had a rule: Every time he rebuilt the car, he didn’t put it back together unless he could improve it somehow. “I learned a lot in the six months after the motor failure,” he said. “The car didn’t work, but I was still moving forward on it, getting closer to fixing it.” Still, those six months after the motor failure weren’t a happy time for Lansing. He became obsessed, spending up to 20 hours a day tearing down and rebuilding his Celica. But he persisted.

 

“I was a hair away from throwing in the towel,” he said. “To this day, I’ve rebuilt the car 52 times. Part way around 35 to 40ish was when it got the most frustrating. But the support from my family, friends and girlfriend kept me going. You have to keep in mind the end goal.

“I think my need to innovate took over at that point. I see I’ve gone this far, I’m not gonna quit now. Finally, I told myself, ‘This is supposed to be fun, it’s not a chore. I should love this.’ Right then, I changed my mindset, I started figuring more things out. Those long rebuild days weren’t as dreadful. It made the whole thing better.”

The end result of that effort – achieved two years later — was a range increase from just 12 miles to 130 miles. That change turned the one-off Celica into a car that can be driven wherever Lansing needs to go.

“I can drive to the airport from my house a couple times,” he said proudly. And, given the distance of Dallas-Fort Worth International airport from his home in Plano, that’s a grand accomplishment.

Earlier this year, Lansing’s project took a hit quite literally when he was rear-ended by an overzealous pickup truck. So he rebuilt. Again. Happily he didn’t have to do it alone. His parents funded his mission. His brother’s gas crisis gave him inspiration. His sister’s electric scooter gave him early experience. His girlfriend gave him support. Wayland gave him inspiration and, later, advice as a mentor. Lansing also frequented online forums for ideas on how to fix issues.

A big breakthrough came last year when he earned a sponsorship with alternative fuel innovators Core IV and Wayland’s Plasma Boy Racing. They provided the 30 kWh lithium iron phosphate battery pack currently powering the Celica from the trunk. Lansing also started his own company, Hawkeye Innovations LLC, and hopes to eventually make a living doing gas-to-electric conversions for others. It’s a plan that wasn’t in place when he began working on the Celica six years ago. He started his project for fun and ended up finding a calling.

“This was me finding what I wanted to do with my life,” Lansing said. “When I started, I didn’t have an idea. So maybe this made a difference in me. I found something I can be successful in and be passionate about. So this Celica gave me that drive within that I needed.”

Will your Next Car be Self-Driving

Some pundits suggest that private ownership of autonomous (self-driving) cars is right around the corner. But that’s not the conclusion of Bern Grush, a systems engineer, futurist and the author of a recently published study on the subject.  He suggests that before they begin to be purchased in large numbers by private individuals, autonomous vehicles will first find their place with taxi and taxi-substitute companies like Uber and Lyft and seriously impact public bus services.  Large-scale private ownership of self-driving vehicles won’t occur until the late 2020s at the earliest, according to the study.

Recent research by Goldman Sachs Group has found less than 10 per cent of travel in North America is currently taken in non-personally owned vehicles, but the personal transport industry should get ready for a change. Grush says that by 2030, that percentage may climb to 25 per cent or higher as more people turn to robo-taxis, micro-transit and ride sharing. Why? His report claims automation will make these systems more reliable and far cheaper than today's taxi and bus services. Going further, the report contends ridesharing will be less expensive than personal car ownership for an increasing number of consumers. Improvements in vehicle automation, combined with a sharing economy, will vastly expand the robo-taxi and micro-transit juggernaut being readied by providers such as Uber, Lyft and Google's Waymo.

"We saw what happened with the town council in Innisfil (Ontario, Canada), which contracted with Uber rather than investing in a traditional bus system,” Grush said.  “This type of disruption will spread to other municipalities. Once these commercial providers begin to automate their fleets, their role in public transit and goods movement will accelerate."

Despite predictions that ridesharing in self-driving cars is imminent, the report has identified many barriers to getting people out of their personal cars and into robo-shuttles or robo-taxis. These include the safety concern of having young children in a car seat; being disabled and traveling with assistive gear; driving with a pet; and the fear that an automated car won't take a passenger everywhere she or he wants to go.  Grush calls this "access anxiety.” As these barriers are dealt with, the need for personal vehicles, as well as non-automated taxis and buses, will diminish dramatically over 15 years, the report "Ontario Must Prepare for Vehicle Automation: How Skilled Governance Can Influence its Outcome” said.

Right now, there is a lot of hype surrounding fully automated vehicles that can operate without a driver in any imaginable circumstance. Due to many hurdles, Grush does not anticipate this type of autonomous vehicle until well after 2050, when the technical issues of having driverless vehicles operate in every possible condition will have been addressed.

Grush encourages governments to prepare for this future by determining now how to influence the role fleets of shared AVs will have in cities and towns. The key to harnessing this technology is for governments and the private sector to work together to implement a regulatory system that will enhance mobility for all, the report said. Grush’s concept, the Harmonization Management System (HMS), would provide the digital tools to incorporate a subsidy and pricing system, and optimize the distribution and social performance of commercial fleets.